ASEAS 5(1) – Health

Issue 5(1) was published in 2012. Find all article downloads below!

Editorial

  • Editorial: Determinants of Health in South-East Asia / Umfeldfaktoren öffentlicher Gesundheit in SüdostasienPranee Liamputtong & Michelle Proyer
    DOI 10.4232/10.ASEAS-5.1-1
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Aktuelle Südostasienforschung / Current Research on South-East Asia

  • Water Supply or ‘Beautiful Latrines’? Microcredit for Rural Water Supply and Sanitation in the Mekong Delta, VietnamNadine Reis & Peter P. Mollinga
    DOI 10.4232/10.ASEAS-5.1-2
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    Around half of the Mekong Delta’s rural population lacks year-round access to clean water. In combination with inadequate hygiene and poor sanitation this creates a high risk of diseases. Microcredit schemes are a popular element in addressing such problems on the global policy level. The present paper analyses the contradictory results of such a microcredit programme for rural water supply and sanitation in the context of the Mekong Delta, Vietnam, through a qualitative study primarily based on semi-structured interviews in rural communes of Can Tho City. We come to the conclusion that the programme has a positive eff ect regarding the safer disposal of human excreta as well as surface water quality, but a marginal impact on poverty reduction as it only reaches better-off households already having access to clean water. The paper shows how the outcome of rural water supply and sanitation policies are strongly infl uenced by the local ecological, technological, and social settings, in particular by stakeholders’ interests. The authors challenge the assumption that water supply and sanitation should be integrated into the same policy in all circumstances.Keywords: Water; Sanitation; Microcredit; Mekong Delta; Vietnam
  • Environmental Policy Coordination in ASEAN: The Case of Waste From Electrical and Electronic EquipmentArmin Ibitz
    DOI 10.4232/10.ASEAS-5.1-3
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    Among numerous environmental challenges in the ASEAN region, the rapid growth of volumes of waste from electrical and electronic equipment (e-waste) has increasingly drawn international attention. Economies face huge demands for electrical and electronic products, while governments are confronted with diffi culties dealing with mounting volumes of e-waste. Furthermore, lucrative transnational shipment of discarded electric and electronic devices calls for a regional response to the issue. While ASEAN has failed to come up with a common policy response, certain member states have pushed ahead with their own legislation in an attempt to address this urgent issue. This study sets out to identify the determining factors which have disabled ASEAN in terms of agreeing on a common policy response in the case of dealing with e-waste. Based on the assumption that states act according to expected gains, the study applies a game theoretical approach to analyse the developments.Keywords: Policy Coordination; E-waste; Electric and Electronic Equipment; Trade; ASEAN
  • Health and Environmental Risk Communication in Thailand: An Analysis of Agency Staff’ Perspectives on Risk Communication With External StakeholdersSeth Tuler, Uma Langkulsen, Caron Chess & Nuntavarn Vichit-Vadakan
    DOI 10.4232/10.ASEAS-5.1-4
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    Health and environmental agencies are routinely called upon to provide risk-related information to the public-at-large and to more narrowly defi ned audiences, such as children, pregnant women, or labourers. While a large body of guidance is available, it is often general and transferability to new contexts is not well understood. In particular, the relevance of this guidance for South-East Asia is not clear. This paper reports the results of a study, using Q method, that aimed to develop a better understanding of offi cers’ and staff ’s perspectives on health and environmental risk communication within a single regulatory agency in Thailand, the Pollution Control Department. The results demonstrate that there are multiple perspectives, and they are unrelated to roles or experience. This study contributes to a deeper understanding of the ways that offi cers and staff within a national agency with important responsibilities for health and environmental risk communication in Thailand think about these responsibilities and how to achieve them.

    Keywords: Risk Management; Health Communication; Organisational Studies; Q Method; Thailand
  • Combating SARS and H1N1: Insights and Lessons From Singapore’s Public Health Control Measures – Allen Yu-Hung Lai & Teck Boon Tan
    DOI 10.4232/10.ASEAS-5.1-5
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    Combating the outbreak of infectious diseases is a major public health imperative for the small island-state of Singapore. In this paper we discuss and assess the public health measures taken by the Singaporean government to combat the outbreak of SARS in 2003 and H1N1 in 2009. Most notably, the state introduced a clear line of command and control to monitor the eff ectiveness and effi cacy of public health control measures as well as to oversee their implementation. Meanwhile, it has also employed moral suasion to ensure compliance with draconian health control measures by the population. At the same time, the Singapore government also established a close partnership with the population to ensure the acquiescence of the general public to these measures. Finally, this paper draws on the insights and lessons learned from the two outbreaks to develop a conceptual model for pandemic management.

    Keywords: SARS; H1N1; Public Health Control Measures; Infectious Disease; Singapore
  • On the Edge of Crisis: Contending Perspectives on Development, Tourism and Community Participation on Rote Island, Indonesia – Cassandra Wright & Belinda Lewis
    DOI 10.4232/10.ASEAS-5.1-6
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    The eastern Indonesian province of Nusa Tenggara Timur (NTT) is struggling to overcome the burden of widespread poverty, illness, and illiteracy. Within the context of globalisation and Indonesia’s ongoing transitions in governance, people on Rote Island, NTT, are experiencing rapid socio-cultural change. The increasing arrival of tourists and foreign business interests add further complexity to these processes of transition. The direction forward for Rote is a topic of considerable debate amongst community members, development workers, businesses, and other stakeholders. This qualitative pilot study explores key community stakeholders’ perspectives on development, tourism, and community sustainability in Delha, Rote. It has revealed confl icting perspectives about future development and tourism on Rote, with particular concern regarding social, cultural, and environmental impacts, and loss of autonomy and community control. Important ‘dynamics of exclusion’ between stakeholders are identifi ed. More equitable participation in planning and decision-making is needed to ensure that the benefi ts of tourism and development are not concentrated with a privileged few.

    Keywords: Nusa Tenggara Timur; Social Change; Culture; Globalisation; Tourism

Forum Südostasien / Forum South-East Asia

  • Pro- oder Anti-Life? Die katholische Kirche in der Debatte um reproduktive Gesundheit auf den PhilippinenMarina Wetzlmaier
    DOI 10.4232/10.ASEAS-5.1-7
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  • Customer Empowerment in Healthcare Organisations Through CRM 2.0: Survey Results From Brunei Tracking a Future Path in E – Health ResearchMuhammad Anshari, Mohammad N. Almunawar, Patrick K. C. Low & Zaw Wint
    DOI 10.4232/10.ASEAS-5.1-8
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Forschungswerkstatt / Research Workshop

  • Das philippinische Gesetz zur reproduktiven Gesundheit und seine Bedeutung für feministische sowie entwicklungspolitische (Bildungs-)arbeitMichael Reckordt
    DOI 10.4232/10.ASEAS-5.1-10
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Im Dialog / In Dialogue

  • Entwicklungs- und Gesundheitsarbeit des Österreichischen Roten Kreuzes in Südostasien: Im Gespräch mit Max Santner und Gerlinde AstleithnerAnna-Sophie Tomancok
    DOI 10.4232/10.ASEAS-5.1-12
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    Max Santner leitet den Bereich Internationale Hilfe (Humanitäre Hilfe und Entwicklungszusammenarbeit) im Generalsekretariat des Österreichischen Roten Kreuzes (ÖRK) in Wien. Gerlinde Astleithner ist als Asien-Länderreferentin des ÖRK unter anderem für die Zusammenarbeit in Südostasien (vor allem Laos und Myanmar sowie an Rande auch für Osttimor) verantwortlich. Im vorliegenden Gespräch bieten sie einen Überblick zur gegenwärtigen Lage der Entwicklungs- und Gesundheitsarbeit der internationalen Rotkreuzbewegung in Südostasien. Das Interview wurde am 19. März 2012 in Wien durchgeführt.Max Santner is Head of International Aid (Humanitarian Aid and Development Co-operation) at the Austrian Red Cross (ARC) headquarters in Vienna. Gerlinde Astleithner, the ARC’s country coordinator for Asia, is in charge of development co-operation in South-East Asia (particularly Lao PDR and Myanmar, but also Timor-Leste). In this interview, they give an overview on the International Red Cross movement’s activities as well as the current state of development and health work in South- East Asia. The interview was conducted on 19 March 2012 in Vienna.

Netzwerk Südostasien / Network South-East Asia

  • Südostasienforschung in Österreich: Die Sammlung Insulares Südostasien des Museums für Völkerkunde Wien – Sri Tjahjani Kuhnt-Saptodewo
    DOI 10.4232/10.ASEAS-5.1-13
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Rezensionen / Review

  • Book Review: Yahuda, M. (2011). The International Politics of the Asia-Pacific (Third Edition) – Alfred Gerstl
    DOI 10.4232/10.ASEAS-5.1-15
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