Issue 6(2) was published in 2013. Find all article downloads below!
- Mobilities in South-East Asia – Alexander Trupp & Claudia Dolezal
Aktuelle Südostasienforschung / Current Research on South-East Asia
- Bus Paintings in Thailand: A Post-Modern Urban Art Form in Comparative Perspective – Erik Cohen
Download PDF (9,5MB) – Download size-reduced webversion (1,5MB) –Studies of paintings on motorized vehicles are rare. Existing studies indicate that such paintings play a role in national identity politics or serve as means of representation of an alternative national history. This article deals with the origins and execution of airbrush paintings on charter tour coaches in Thailand, and with the sources and styles of the motifs represented on them. The paintings are produced in a hybridized process, involving artwork and computerization; they are thus a post-modern art form, which is not strictly classifiable into modernist categories of art, craft, or decoration. The sources, styles, and motifs of the paintings reflect global influences: They are highly heterogeneous, deriving primarily from contemporary Western or Japanese popular cultures or from Thai or Chinese ‘traditional’ painting. The bus-owners’ motivations for the choice of motifs are primarily aesthetic and social rather than religious or political. Thai bus paintings can thus be seen as a globalized, post-modern art form, with most of the motifs just being pleasing symbols, without external reference.
Keywords: Airbrush Painting; Bus Paintings; Globalization; Post-Modern Art; Thai Popular Culture
- Assets or Commodities? Comparing Regulations of Placement and Protection of Migrant Workers in Indonesia and the Philippines – Dinita Setyawati
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In labor-abundant countries, migrant workers are considered state assets and the government often calls them the ‘economic heroes’ of the nation. Yet by maximizing economic benefits, the protection of labor migrants is often neglected by both origin and host countries. The state’s assumed presence in protecting its nationals is tied to its capacity to ‘control’ migration flows and protect its nationals abroad. Within this framework, the regulations concerning migrant workers’ protection in Indonesia and the Philippines, which comprise the two largest exporters of migrant labor in South-East Asia, are assessed. This paper compares the two key laws in both countries: Indonesian Law No. 39/2004 and the Philippine Republic Act (RA) No. 10022. In this context, it also aims to answer the following question: Are Filipinos better protected than Indonesians? Looking specifically into the state and the economy, the history of workers’ protection, and key aspects of the law, this paper recognizes several weaknesses of the Indonesian government’s migrant workers protection scheme, especially in the aspects of educating workers and defining the responsibilities of government agencies. Thus, strong commitment from the government, along with close monitoring by civil society, is needed to ensure better protection for citizens.Keywords: Labor Law; Labor Migration; Migrant Workers; Philippines
- Waiting on the Islands of ‘Stuckedness’.
Managing Asylum Seekers in Island Detention Camps in Indonesia:
From the Late 1970s to the Early 2000s – Antje Missbach
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This article sheds light on the obstructed mobility of asylum seekers who were passing through Indonesia during their search for permanent and effective protection, and the politics of their detention. The flows of Indochinese asylum seekers who were ‘stored’ in Galang Island between the late 1970s and the mid-1990s, awaiting either their resettlement or repatriation, are compared with more recent arrivals of asylum seekers from the Middle East, many of whom were hosted in open detention facilities on Lombok Island during the mid-2000s. This comparison provides comprehensive background information on how the asylum seekers and their claims for international protection have been handled in Indonesia. Given that Indonesia is not a party to the 1951 Refugee Convention and the 1967 Protocol, Indonesia offers no formal rights to asylum seekers and refugees within its territory. Instead, Indonesia ‘tolerates’ their presence as long as they are under the auspices of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) or the International Organization for Migration (IOM). Highlighting the differences regarding the management of these two distinctive groups of asylum seekers helps to grasp the full scope of ‘stuckedness’ (Hage, 2009) and also helps to understand the varied impacts of obstructed mobility on asylum seekers looking for permanent and effective protection.Keywords: Asylum Seekers; Detention Camps; Indochinese ‘boatpeople’; Indonesia; Middle Eastern Refugees
- Migration as a Strategy for Maintaining a Middle-Class Identity: The Case of Professional Filipino Women in Melbourne – Cirila Limpangog
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This paper surveys the diverse motives of professional Filipino immigrant women in Melbourne, Australia. In-depth interviews of 20 women reveal that their mosaic of motives challenges the traditional notion of economic advancement framed within the household theory, or ideas of purely individualistic pursuits. Their movements were facilitated through the intersection of established families and social networks in Australia, and the possession of skills required by the immigration department, defying the mail order bride stereotype that was projected on almost all Filipino women in the 1980s. It is argued that migration provided a bridge to more liberating quality of life, enabling them either to recover their declining middle-class status in the Philippines or to explore an alternative lifestyle in the new context.Keywords: Australia; Gender; Lifestyle; Philippines; Skilled Migration
- Double Inequity? The Social Dimensions of Deforestation and Forest Protection in Local Communities in Northern Cambodia – Maya Pasgaard & Lily Chea
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In Cambodia, numerous powerful drivers of land-use change threaten the remaining natural forest and the livelihoods of local communities living on the forest periphery. In an attempt to protect remaining forests, Community Forestry (CF) and Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) were implemented in the north-western province of Oddar Meanchey. This case study examines the distribution of costs and benefits within local communities participating in the CF/REDD+ project. Qualitative interviews conducted in the communities indicate how the costs of deforestation disproportionately affect the poorest households, which are more reliant on forest products due to less land and more insecure tenure. Meanwhile, the benefits from CF/REDD+ hardly reach these vulnerable households since their access to forest resources is constrained by physical barriers and a lack of resources or information. Their ability to enjoy benefits from forest protection is likewise limited by social exclusion facilitated by prevailing power structures. Instead, benefits are biased towards the better-off households who engage in forest protection activities and decision-making. In the context of weak governance, contested tenure arrangements, high agricultural dependency, and power discrepancies, this paper analyzes and critically discusses this ‘double inequity’ of deforestation and forest protection in Cambodia, and recommendations on how to ensure more equitable distribution of costs and benefits are put forward.Keywords: Cambodia; Community Forestry; Deforestation; Equity; Social Assessment
Forschungswerkstatt / Research Workshop
- Traders, Markets, and the State in Vietnam:
Anthropological Perspectives – Kirsten W. Endres
Im Dialog / In Dialogue
- Community-Based Tourism in Bali: On the Road Towards Empowerment? An Interview with Djinaldi Gosana – Claudia Dolezal
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Djinaldi Gosana, the chairman of the Bali Community-Based Tourism Association (CoBTA) and the Executive Director of Bali Hotels Association, seeks to empower communities in Bali’s rural areas through community-based tourism (CBT). Bali CoBTA is an NGO that engages with CBT in Bali’s least developed regions and strives to build stronger communities by assisting them in using, above all, their cultural assets to engage in a type of tourism that is financially beneficial for the community and at the same time helps preserve local culture. This interview was conducted on 2 June 2013 during the author’s PhD fieldwork on the topic of CBT and empowerment in Bali. Community empowerment is a highly contested concept that seems to be easily achieved in theory but difficult to implement in practice. Empowerment, along with the challenges that Bali CoBTA is facing, forms the focus of this interview.
Südostasien sehen / South-East Asia Visually
- Filipin@ Communities in Austria: Barrio Fiesta sa Vienna 2013 – Bianca Gantner & Philip Weninger
Download PDF(14,7MB) – Download size-reduced web-version PDF (4MB)
Netzwerk Südostasien / Network South-East Asia
- Science on the Move: The 7th EuroSEAS Conference in Lisbon in 2013 – Paulo Castro Seixas
- Research on South-East Asia in Austria: The Department of East Asian Studies at the University of Vienna – Alfred Gerstl
Rezensionen / Book Reviews
- Book Review: Tom Plate (2011).
Conversations with Thaksin – From Exile to Deliverance: Thailand’s Populist Tycoon Tells His Story
– William J. Jones
- Book Review: Amelia Fauzia (2013).
Faith and the State: A History of Islamic Philanthropy in Indonesia. – Dayana Parvanova